July 15, 2024

Water Issues Found in Inspections & Fixes

Water Inspections

Water Inspections

During inspections, various water-related concerns can emerge, impacting both the structure and the health of the occupants. Water issues in a property can..

Water is an essential element of life, but when it begins to exhibit issues within a home or property, it can lead to significant problems. During inspections, various water-related concerns can emerge, impacting both the structure and the health of the occupants. Identifying and addressing these issues promptly is crucial to maintaining a safe and functional living environment. This article explores the top five common water issues discovered during Water Inspections in St. Lucie County and provides practical solutions for addressing them.

1. Leaking Pipes


Leaking pipes are one of the most prevalent water issues encountered during property inspections. These leaks can occur in any part of a plumbing system, including supply lines, drainpipes, or sewage lines. Leaks often stem from corrosion, high water pressure, or poor installation practices. The signs of leaking pipes include damp spots on walls or ceilings, water stains, mold growth, and a noticeable increase in water bills.

How to Address

1. Locate the Leak: Start by identifying the source of the leak. This may require examining exposed pipes or using tools like moisture meters for hidden leaks. In some cases, it might be necessary to use thermal imaging technology to detect leaks behind walls.

2. Repair or Replace Pipes: Depending on the severity of the leak, you may need to repair or replace the affected pipes. Minor leaks can often be fixed with pipe clamps or sealants, while major leaks might require the replacement of sections of pipe. It’s advisable to consult a licensed plumber for significant repairs.

3. Address Underlying Issues: Leaks often result from underlying problems such as high water pressure or corrosion. Ensure that the water pressure is regulated to a safe level, and replace any corroded pipes. Regular maintenance and inspections can prevent future leaks.

4. Prevent Future Leaks: Insulate pipes to prevent freezing in cold weather and use pipe protectors to guard against damage. Regularly check for signs of leaks and address any issues immediately.

2. Basement Flooding


Basement flooding is a common issue, particularly in areas with high groundwater levels or poor drainage systems. Flooding can result from heavy rainfall, snowmelt, or plumbing failures. The consequences of basement flooding include water damage to belongings, structural damage, and the potential growth of mold and mildew.

How to Address

1. Assess the Source: Determine whether the flooding is due to external factors, such as heavy rain or inadequate drainage, or internal issues, such as a broken sump pump. Check the grading around your home and ensure that the ground slopes away from the foundation.

2. Improve Drainage: Install or repair gutters and downspouts to direct rainwater away from the foundation. Consider adding a French drain or other drainage solutions to manage groundwater and prevent pooling around the foundation.

3. Install a Sump Pump: A sump pump can help remove water that accumulates in the basement. Ensure the pump is properly installed and maintained, and consider a battery backup to keep it operational during power outages.

4. Waterproof the Basement: Apply sealants to basement walls and floors to prevent water seepage. Consider installing a vapor barrier and using waterproofing paints to further protect against moisture intrusion.

3. Mold and Mildew Growth


Mold and mildew thrive in damp, humid environments, making them common issues in areas with water problems. These fungi can grow on various surfaces, including walls, ceilings, and flooring, and can cause health issues such as respiratory problems and allergic reactions. Mold and mildew are often found in bathrooms, basements, and areas with poor ventilation.

How to Address

1. Identify the Source of Moisture: Find the source of the moisture causing mold growth, such as leaks, poor ventilation, or high humidity. Addressing the moisture source is crucial to preventing mold recurrence.

2. Clean Affected Areas: Remove and discard any materials that are heavily contaminated with mold, such as drywall or insulation. For less severe cases, clean the affected areas with a mixture of water and detergent or a commercial mold cleaner. Ensure that the area is thoroughly dried after cleaning.

3. Improve Ventilation: Increase airflow in areas prone to mold growth by using exhaust fans or dehumidifiers. Proper ventilation helps to reduce humidity levels and inhibit mold growth.

4. Repair Leaks and Insulate: Fix any leaks that may be contributing to the moisture problem. Insulate pipes and walls to prevent condensation and reduce humidity levels.

4. Water Pressure Issues


Water pressure issues can manifest as either too high or too low water pressure. Low water pressure can result in weak or inconsistent water flow, while high water pressure can damage pipes and appliances. Both conditions can be identified through unusual changes in water flow or by observing the performance of fixtures and appliances.

How to Address

1. Test Water Pressure: Use a water pressure gauge to measure the pressure in your plumbing system. Normal water pressure ranges from 40 to 60 psi (pounds per square inch). If the pressure is outside this range, further investigation is needed.

2. Adjust Pressure Regulators: If the water pressure is too high, adjust or install a pressure regulator to bring it to a safe level. If the pressure is too low, check for clogs or blockages in the pipes or fixtures.

3. Clear Blockages: Low water pressure can be caused by sediment buildup or mineral deposits in pipes or fixtures. Clean or replace clogged faucet aerators, showerheads, and other components to improve water flow.

4. Inspect for Leaks: Leaks in the plumbing system can cause inconsistent water pressure. Inspect the system for any signs of leaks and repair them as necessary to restore normal pressure.

5. Water Heater Problems


Water heaters are essential for providing hot water, but they can encounter various issues, such as inconsistent water temperature, strange noises, or leaks. Common problems include sediment buildup, faulty thermostats, and malfunctioning heating elements. These issues can affect the efficiency and safety of your water heater.

How to Address

1. Check Water Temperature: Ensure that the thermostat on the water heater is set to the desired temperature, typically between 120 and 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Adjust the thermostat if necessary to achieve consistent water temperature.

2. Flush the Tank: Sediment buildup can reduce the efficiency of your water heater. Flush the tank periodically to remove sediment and improve performance. Consult the manufacturer’s instructions for the proper flushing procedure.

3. Inspect for Leaks: Check for any signs of leaks around the water heater. If you detect a leak, it may indicate a problem with the tank or connections. In such cases, it may be necessary to repair or replace the water heater.

4. Maintain Regularly: Perform regular maintenance on your water heater, including inspecting the anode rod, checking for signs of corrosion, and ensuring that the pressure relief valve is functioning properly. Regular maintenance helps to extend the lifespan of the water heater and prevent potential issues.


Water issues in a property can lead to significant damage and health risks if not addressed promptly. Understanding and identifying common problems such as leaking pipes, basement flooding, mold growth, water pressure issues, and water heater problems is the first step in maintaining a safe and functional home. By taking proactive measures and seeking professional assistance when necessary, homeowners can effectively manage and resolve these water-related concerns.

Regular inspections, timely repairs, and preventive maintenance are key to preventing water issues from escalating and ensuring a comfortable and secure living environment. Remember that addressing water issues early not only protects your property but also contributes to the well-being of its occupants.